Posted on January 24, 2023
The stand alone EDI-IMDG validation tool can operate without any predefined ship geometry and is based on a schematic bay plan. This bay plan is derived from an Electronic Data Interchange file (EDI/Baplie). The tool is meant for ship owners, shipping lines, crew and port authorities and can assist in attaining a higher standard of safety at lower effort.
The LOCOPIAS IMDG module is available since 2018.
Now SARC has integrated the IMDG Amendment 41-22 into the LOCOPIAS IMDG module and the EDI-IMDG validation tool.
The updated module is available and ready to be delivered.
If you would like to request the updated LOCOPIAS IMDG module (IMDG Amendment 41-22) now, please send us a message.
Posted on January 17, 2023
The Smart European Shipbuilding project (SEUS) aims to create a framework for European shipyards by developing an integrated platform for a combined solution that incorporates CAE, CAD, CAM, and PDM software and testing it at shipyards.
The new platform solution will be built with the best EU shipbuilding expertise provided by academic and industrial consortium participants. It will develop novel practices for human-centric knowledge management, data-driven AI design elements, intelligent technology, and an Industry 5.0 concept for shipbuilding.
The consortium partners represent state-of-the-art development in three main areas:
The ambition is to achieve up to a 30% reduction in the time needed for engineering and up to 20% for assembly and construction at European shipyards. The elimination of gaps in digital information flows and the optimisation of work processes present the area for time and cost optimisation, providing significant economic impacts on shipbuilding.
The identified impacts include the following:
Project SEUS brings together development work for computational tools, the highest research expertise from academic partners, applied to the field of shipbuilding and Industry 5.0, and future users of the platform – shipyards. This ensures that the development process has a product-service design backbone and nurtures a value co-creation process in the development of IT tools.
NORWEGIAN UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, NORWAY (NO)
CONTACT SOFTWARE (CONTACT), GERMANY (DE)
NHL STENDEN UNIVERSITY OF APPLIED SCIENCES (NHL)
UNIVERSITY OF TURKU (UTU), FINLAND (FI)
CADMATIC OY (CADMATIC), FINLAND (FI)
ULSTEIN GROUP (ULSTEIN), NORWAY (NO)
SARC BV (SARC), NETHERLANDS (NL)
ASTILLEROS GONDAN SA (GONDAN), SPAIN (ES)
The SEUS project has received funding from the Horizon Europe Framework Programme (HORIZON) EU program under grant agreement No 101096224.
This website reflects only the author’s view and the European Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains. The website http://seus-project.eu/ will be kept up to date during the entire duration of the project.
Posted on December 30, 2022
For many years, PIAS has a module Sounding, which computes tank capacities and corresponding COG for an arbitrary list/trim combination, if applicable also with temperature correction to account for expansion of tank structure or cargo. The latter also with support for standards, e.g. ASTM tables for liquid hydrocarbons. These results can be utilized in a cargo/ullage report or be exported to a loading condition.
This feature is now integrated in Loading. With sounding functionality, the sounding pipes also get the option to calculate with trim and angle. Furthermore, interfaces with tank sensors are available.
Posted on December 26, 2022
For damage cases it is possible to use a so-called damage box, interactively a rectangle can be dragged, which makes the contained compartments flooded. This is a quick and consistent tool for declaring a large number of compartments flooded simultaneously. Now there is the possibility to define multiple damage boxes that can be quickly switched.
Posted on December 26, 2022
Posted on December 22, 2022
There is also the option to calculate and output the so-called ‘Envelope curve’. With this option, the envelope upper and lower limits are calculated of the occurring shear forces and moments based on the curves of the selected loading conditions. This envelope curve can be used to determine how strong the ship should be at certain longitudinal positions. Thus, it is really a design tool.
Posted on November 15, 2022
If a vessel is equipped with draft sensors, the measured values and the predefined sensor positions can be read and copied to the correct position in the draft/freeboard menu.
Posted on November 3, 2022
At the stability criteria it is possible to enter a table of minimum allowable G’M, for example calculated with the probabilistic damage stability :
In the summary of the stability criteria in Loading, this minimum allowable G’M was printed as a maximum allowable VCG’. From now on, it is printed as a minimum G’M, see the example below:
The description of this criterion is manual input and it is possible that a ‘maximum VCG’ is mentioned. In that case the user has to update the description.
Posted on October 31, 2022
In the menu with the overview of loading conditions, under the ‘Output / Damage stability’ option, there is a new additional option ‘Longitudinal strength’ :
If this option is selected, longitudinal strength calculations are made for all selected loading conditions for damage stability (2nd column in this menu) and for all selected damage cases for the final stage of flooding in damaged condition.
The weight of incoming water is temporarily added to the loading condition and a longitudinal strength calculation is further made for that condition in the normal way.
This extension option is now available. The options for deterministic damage stability and longitudinal strength must be present.
Posted on August 9, 2022
SARC has developed a constraingt management feature for our Layout module. Constraint management is an important step in automating a part of the design proces, while leaving the designer firmly in the captain’s seat.
When the Constraint Management program is used, a feasible ship compartment design can be made in a quick manner and the designer is kept from making errors. This means that a correct ship layout model is available on which probabilistic damage stability calculations and weight estimations can be performed in an early stage.
This is a great stepping stone for future developments. More at: https://www.sarc.nl/whitepapers/constraint-management/
Posted on August 2, 2022
During the design process, compartment geometry or tank properties are frequently changed in order to optimize the performance of the design. Changes in tank geometry (and hence in volume etc.) are always processed in subsequent modules (In Loading immediately if ‘direct calculation of tank data’ has been switched on, see https://www.sarc.nl/images/manuals/pias/htmlEN/config.html#config_compartments). However, for some tank particulars their transfer to Loading is optional, such as the design density, for which the designer might want changes to be also transferred to Loading, or might want that changes are not transferred because other, loading condition specific, values have already been assigned. For this dilemma, elder PIAS had an option to import all Layout tank particulars into Loading, however, that was a bit crude because it did not offer the possibility to import some of the particulars and omit other.
Now, by default, in a new loading condition the density and weight group of all weight items are connected to Layout, so any change in Layout will directly be processed in Loading. This connection is depicted by the yellow color of the cells. When the user types a value in such a cell, the connection is broken, and that value is now specific for this loading condition. In this fashion, the user has a tool to control the connection of density and weight group between Loading and Layout, up to the level of the individual weight item. A supporting option to establish this connection for all weight items of all loading conditions is available under Loading conditions -> Manage -> Design data from Layout.
Posted on May 24, 2022
The strip theory method of PIAS’ Motions has been expanded with the option to include additional roll damping. The implementation is based on el Moctar, B. O., Schellin, T. E., & Söding, H. (2021). Numerical Methods for Seakeeping Problems, Springer International Publishing. Strip theory is based on the potential theory, which does not account for frictional resistance, which may cause the damping to be underestimated, notably for the roll motion. By including additional roll damping through the input of a damping ratio, the roll motions can be estimated more accurately.
The damping ratio is a physical quantity, which can be measured through a free roll decay or forced roll test.
Posted on April 6, 2022
In addition to the larger development projects, there are occasionally smaller functions that we adjust in the software to make it easier or faster to work with. Some of these that have taken place in recent months are listed below.
From the very beginning, the hull shape data (cross-sectional shapes) were stored in a file with the extension .hyd. Now, after 38 years of service, this file has been replaced with an extended file type, with extension .frames. The .hyd file can still be read but instead a .frames file will be written. The old .hyd file is then automatically renamed to .hyd.pre_2021 for backup purposes.
In the .hyd file the ship’s cross-sectional shapes were stored as closed B-spline curves, with the appendages included. The .frames file contains the model twice: once as a model with only the input frame coordinates as B-spline curves (so without appendages) and additionally as a model with dense and closed polyline curves. The polylines are always derived from the B-spline curves and the specified appendages, and are used for the hydrostatic and stability calculations. The advantage of this redundant storage is that the originally entered frame coordinates are better preserved, because they are no longer modified by repeated adding & removing of appendages, and that the polylines that are used for the calculation are immediately available and do not have to be derived from the B-spline repeatedly.
In Hulldef, cutting/pasting of list of coordinates of frame has become easier. Also, you can apply the ‘knuckle’ shortcut (Alt + K) to multiple cells at once.
In Probdam, with the SPS code selected, the user is now given the option to choose either SOLAS 2009 or 2020 as regulatory basis.
In the table of wind heeling moments the maximum on the number of rows has gone. So larger, and hence more accurate, tables can be computed now.
As soon as you have the latest version of PIAS from https://cloud.sarc.nl/, you can use the above additions.
Posted on March 1, 2022
In the past, you could only leave Hulldef if there were no more errors in the input. Now you can always leave the module, but you will still get a popup with possible errors. This popup is also available in the module itself, see the ‘Check’ option in the menu bar.
When starting any other module, the same check will be made on the input data and the user will only be able to continue with the module concerned once all errors in the model in Hulldef have been corrected.
Posted on February 23, 2022
In March of last year, we already delivered the news that the Cargo Weight module had been renewed. (https://www.sarc.nl/cargo-weight-module-renewed/) Afterwards, customers still had some questions, so we took another critical look at the program and made some extra adjustments.
On the screen, more information is displayed about the measuring points and the location of the vessel.
This module is available for the on-board loading computer software LOCOPIAS as well as for the naval architectural calculations software PIAS.
Posted on December 23, 2021
In order to support future expansions, the storage format of the loading conditions and weight items has been expanded. As usual, the conversion is fully automatic. The files with the extension BEL, GEW and KET are merged into 1 file with the extension WIT (from Weight Item). Converted files cannot be read in older PIAS versions.
The operation of the program is exactly the same.
Posted on December 21, 2021
The damage case definition has been updated to add past desires and support future extensions.
Features of the new damage case definition:
When you start Loading, Hydrotables or Probdam all damage cases of all modules are listed and put in a new file with extension .DAM. After the existing files .pre_2021 is put, but they remain saved.
The following files are grouped together:
– .SCA damage cases Loading
– .SCI damage cases Hydrotables (maximum allowable VCG calculation for damage stability)
– .PD2 damage cases Probdam
– .PD3 calculation results for reuse in Probdam
– .TSS complex intermediate stages
If the damage case are converted to the new format, they cannot be used in older versions of PIAS.
Posted on December 14, 2021
After 15 years at the Brinklaan, SARC moved this month to a new office space, where we have enough possibilities to grow and to give courses for larger groups. Those who are curious are more than welcome at the address below:
1404 JD Bussum
Telephone etc. remain unchanged.
Parking is still possible in the same car park, namely ‘De nieuwe Brink’ at Thierssenstraat 2. There is also a (limited) possibility in front of the door.
Posted on October 18, 2021
You will find stand 8004 at the NMT Holland Pavilion in Hall 8, search for SARC in the Europort floor plan
We will demonstrate our latest developments, among which:
More info on recent developments can be found in our newsletters.
Posted on October 5, 2021
SARC, Netherlands-based developer of maritime software solutions, has released an EDI-IMDG validation tool for shipping dangerous goods by sea. The SARC EDI-IMDG Validator can operate without any predefined ship geometry and is based on a schematic bay plan. This bay plan is derived from an Electronic Data Interchange file (EDI/Baplie). The tool is meant for ship owners, shipping lines, crew and port authorities and can assist in attaining a higher standard of safety at lower effort.
If a vessel sails with dangerous cargo, international rules require the load to be verified for compliance with the latest IMDG code (International Maritime Dangerous Goods). Each transported substance needs to be checked for conflicts with all other transported substances and the position of its Cargo Transport Unit (CTU) on the vessel needs to be validated.
The tool can read a load from an EDI/Baplie message and checks the compliance of the load with the latest IMDG amendment. It is also possible to check a manually entered load. Once a load is imported, the operator can refine details of the load that were not available in the imported data, for example if a substance is in limited or excepted quantity. The tool performs segregation checks between all CTU’s, verifies stowage comments and labels for each individual CTU and validates the CTU data.
The number of combinations to be checked increases quadratic with each additional substance in the load. A manual check of a complete load is therefore often very time-consuming and in practice a check will often be performed on a sample check basis. The EDI-IMDG Validator takes the bulk of this work out of your hands and does a complete check of all combinations and points you directly to the possible segregation conflicts or stowage issues for further review. The tool supports ISO 6436 container codes (both 1985 and 1995) and supports conversion of non-standard codes.
The EDI-IMDG Validator uses the Hazcheck Toolkit from Exis Technologies), global leaders in compliance solutions for maritime dangerous goods transport. The toolkit includes a dangerous goods database, and segregation, stowage and packaging routines for the determination of restrictions and prohibitions. The Hazcheck Toolkit can be quickly and easily integrated into third party software and is also available as an API web service. Exis Technologies keeps the database and routines up to date with IMDG Code Amendments and Errata. www.existec.com
In summary, the EDI-IMDG Validator allows for a more thorough and more efficient check of a vessel’s load, thus increasing the safety of the vessel, its crew and reducing the risk of environmental pollution. If you are interested in a demonstration, or require further information, please visit our website (www.sarc.nl) or contact SARC directly (firstname.lastname@example.org). A free trial of the tool is available on request.
Posted on September 20, 2021
LOCOPIAS has always been equipped with a dedicated container GUI with support for a wide range of standard container types. However, corresponding container slot positions needed to be pre-defined for all container types, which was quite a task to do. Recently, a completely redesigned and rewritten container module was released, equipped with enhanced logic for the positioning of containers of varying sizes. This new module requires only a minimal amount of predefined data, while still supporting all ISO container types, even those not foreseen in the design stage of the ship.
The redesign of this LOCOPIAS module also offered the opportunity to extend the vessel’s geometric data set with IMDG-related items, such as the locations of living quarters and ventilation inlets. In collaboration with the Hazcheck database this allows for an automated verification of a container load against the IMDG code, including checks on individual container placement and separations between multiple containers.
LOCOPIAS can be installed as a shipborne software program, where relevant connected to the tank gauging system. In addition, LOCOPIAS copies are allowed to be used in shore offices as well, with the ability to transfer loading conditions, including IMDG particulars, to and from the ship. Data exchange with other computer systems is supported by the BAPLIE importer and exporter.
0. Loading/ Discharging functions.
1. List of containers to be loaded. The “Load” function takes items from this list. The list can filter/sort the containers in general menu.
2. 3D View. Currently no specific action is implemented to work through this window.
3. Top View Loading / Loadview : the “main” window. All functions (new, load, move, discharge, delete) happen in this window.
4. Side View : used for navigation.
5. Navigation Lines : visible in all 3 windows except for top view loading. They are a way to navigate through the entire vessel.
6. Top View : used for navigation.
7. Cross Section View : used for navigation.
8. IMDG window : shows IMDG compliance and/or exceptions. Clicking the IMDG list updates the view windows accordingly. Full functionality has been added.
9. Container type button : the selected one is on the button. Any container type can be added through a pop-op window.
The operation of the software is explained in the manual as usual.
Posted on September 7, 2021
Earlier this year we announced that we had added a new module to PIAS: Motions. With this module the seakeeping behavior of a monohull vessel can be analyzed. While at launch only a simple empirical model was available, we are happy to announce that the module has been extended with a strip theory based method.
This method is capable of computing the transfer functions for all six ship motions (surge, sway, heave, roll, pitch and yaw), and will be able to calculate the motion, velocity and acceleration of any point on the vessel. The operation of the software has been explained in the manual.
The strip theory is the fastest way to obtain a first reliable impression of all six ship motions. It gives an answer in a few minutes, depending on the number of headings, wave frequencies and the amount of frames specified in the PIAS model.
Posted on August 10, 2021
Vessels are always equipped with an appendage in PIAS. At the starting point ‘Start appendage’ appears on the right. The appendage points are shown in grey and cannot be changed. Nor can points be deleted or inserted. It is only meant to confirm the location of the appendage points.
Posted on July 27, 2021
In the program for reporting an inclination test, a VCG is determined per measurement, so that all small hydrostatic differences that may arise between the measurements are fully taken into account. Such may for example be differences in KM — because PIAS determines rather accurately for each heel the hull intersection with the waterline, and the associated KM — or in displacement. The latter may occur when using tanks as inclining test weights.
After determining the VCGs, the overall VCG of the empty vessel can be determined with the method of least squares. This gave some differences with the conventional determination of the VCG, calculated with a GM that was directly based on all moments and measured angles. However, this conventional scheme can only be used with fixed inclination test weights, where there is no difference in draft and trim during the inclination test. For PIAS’ Incltest that is not sufficiently versatile, because users have required the option of using ballast water as inclining test weight. Yet, in order to have PIAS’ results mimic the conventional least squares results as much as possible, we have changed parameters as fed to the least squares computation, so that the resulting VCG is more in accordance with a conventional calculation. Remaining differences are an expression of PIAS’ higher accuracy because of the usage of the actual waterline for each measurement (instead of conventional averaging).
Posted on July 13, 2021
Within PIAS function keys are also being used. These keys act as shortcuts, performing certain functions. The following options facilitate the use of input window:
The use of the function keys should allow the user to work faster. Especially the F1 button is very helpful if you want to know more about a module and don’t want to search for a long time in the manual.
Posted on May 11, 2021
Motions is a program for predicting the ship motions in the frequency domain. As of now it uses a semi-analytical method for quick calculations in the concept design phase which can calculate the transfer functions for the heave, roll and pitch motions of the vessel, using only the main parameters of a vessel together with its speed, heading and the wave frequency. The method makes it possible to calculate the vertical motion, velocity and accelerations on any point on vessel on the longitudinal axis of the vessel.
Motions is a module within the PIAS software but can be used on its own. If a PIAS hullform is available, the right parameters can be derived from it and will save the user time. Some parameters also have the possibility to be estimated when the user doesn’t have a fixed number.
The output is designed to make it as easy as possible to responses for certain locations on the hull. This can be easily imported to text editors or spreadsheets for further processing.
To expand the new motion module SARC is currently working on implementing a strip theory method, which will be made available later this year. The strip theory based method is capable of computing the transfer functions for all six ship motions (surge, sway, heave, roll, pitch and yaw), and will be able to calculate the motion, velocity and acceleration of any point on the vessel.
Six sea spectra have been programmed: JONSWAP, one-parameter Pierson-Moskowitz, two-parameter Pierson-Moskowitz, ISSC, ITTC and Liu. These can be used to analyse the ships behaviour in irregular seas.
Posted on April 26, 2021
In recent months we have made several minor adjustments to PIAS. One of them is the PIAS printer settings. These can still be found in the same location, but now everything is clearly displayed in one screen. http://www.sarc.nl/images/manuals/pias/htmlEN/general.html#general_print_options
In combination with the general page heading, it has become easier to quickly get the right output in the right place.
Posted on April 12, 2021
In order to make it easier for the user, it is now possible to make multiple selections within PIAS. This can be done by holding down the Ctrl button and clicking with the mouse on a cell. More information on the general process and options can be found: https://www.sarc.nl/images/manuals/pias/htmlEN/operation.html#operation_copy_paste
Please note that this also affects other functions. For example, the export of loading conditions has changed, now it is possible to export only the selected loading conditions.
Some adjustments have also been made internally in PIAS making the horizontal scrolling a lot faster.
Posted on March 29, 2021
The IMDG Code, 2020 Edition (inc. Amendment 40-20) comes into force on 1 June 2022 and may be applied voluntarily as from 1 January 2021.
The IMDG Code, 2018 Edition (inc. Amendment 39-18) came into force on 1 January 2020 for two years and may be applied voluntarily as from 1 January 2019. Validity of this edition has been extended until 31 May 2022. The overview of changes has been published by Hazcheck: https://imdgsupport.existec.com/imdg-code-40-20-summary-of-changes/
The LOCOPIAS IMDG module is available since 2018. Now SARC has integrated the IMDG Amendment 40-20 into the LOCOPIAS IMDG module. The updated module is available and ready to be delivered. If you would like to request the updated LOCOPIAS IMDG module (IMDG Amendment 40-20) now, please send us a message.
Posted on March 16, 2021
The cargo weight module is designed to do a draft survey. Before and after loading the drafts are measured. These values give a difference in displacement. When taking into account the difference in consumables, the (un)loaded cargo weight is determined.
The module could also be used to check if a loading condition in LOCOPIAS matches the observed drafts. If necessary, a correction could be made to the loading condition. This helps to be sure the stability calculations are made with the correct weights.
With the renewal of this module, it has become clearer that the module can be used in two ways. Both ways of using have their own output buttons in the top right corner:
Also more data is made available directly on the screen.
From now on this is no longer only a LOCOPIAS module, but also available for the PIAS users.
Posted on February 10, 2021
At the request of several customers, the PIAS installer has now been extended to accept command line parameters for silent installation, custom installation folder and autorun.
For further details we refer to the manual: https://www.sarc.nl/images/manuals/pias/htmlEN/general.html#installation_command_line_parameters
Posted on February 2, 2021
The seasoned PIAS user will have experienced that from time to time a module is subject to a radical rewrite or even a complete redesign. We have seen that the past years with the Fairway GUI, and with Compart being replaced by Layout. You will not have noticed yet, but some month ago we started the overhaul of Loading. For a variety of reasons, from which the most noticeable for the PIAS users will be:
A first step in this process was the systematization of the alphanumerical menus of loading conditions and weight items. This was in-house released at SARC a few months ago, and has been thoroughly tested ever since, so now is the right moment for a general release. Not all changes will be commented here, many will be clear and obvious. However, some imply a change in operation, and will be elaborated further below.
Filling all tanks of the same weight group
PIAS offered a special menu for the filling all tanks of the same weight group with the same percentage or density. This menu has been removed, because changing these parameters can now directly be done in the corresponding cells of the sub totals of weight groups.
Total weight and COG of a loading condition
Was once listed in an additional row at the end of the list of weight items. This has been replaced by an additional floating window with totalized weights and COGs. This window can be kept open besides other floats, such as for intact stability or longitudinal strength.
Missing tanks in Loading
The option to define an individual row to contain a certain tank (as defined in Layout) has been discarded. Instead, the upper menu bar now contains an option labelled “Add missing tanks”, which will add missing tanks that still have been assigned (in Layout) to be used in Loading. With this option all new tanks can be added to the loading condition with a single command.
This function computes the weight and COG which are required to achieve a desired draft / trim combination. It has been restyled, and is now able to add a new row containing this weight.
Corresponding changes in Layout
In order to facility some present and future functionality in Loading, the property set of a compartment has been extended a bit. For this moment, the most relevant addition is:
With this modification in Layout we also used the opportunity to include all compartments’ parameters in the compartment overview list. This has been a request of multiple PIAS users.
Redraw menu list of weight items
Due to developments in the software, it is possible that the menu with the weight list is temporarily redrawn a little more often. This will disappear again in the near future.
Posted on November 10, 2020
The PIAS license is protected by means of a Codemeter Dongle (a physical USB hardware lock) or CMact license (a software based hardware lock) manufactured by Wibu Systems. For the communication between PIAS and the Codemeter solution, a runtime environment (driver) is required.
Wibu systems recently informed us on several detected vulnerabilities in their Codemeter Runtime Environment. We were advised to inform and advise our customers to download and install the latest available version of the runtime system in which these issues are addressed. This latest available version can be downloaded here; https://www.wibu.com/nl/support/user/user-software/file/download/7150.html
Posted on November 5, 2020
For De Heer land en water SARC delivered a series of stability booklets. De Heer land en water operate multiple modular pontoons for inland waterway maintenance works, such as dredging and construction. The pontoons are interconnectable, so for every job a suitable size can be chosen. However, once the ponton is equipped with a crane, according to the ES-TRIN regulations it is required to have a stability calculation for every configuration. The number of possible configurations was seemingly endless, considering the number of pontoons and the number of cranes.
In close consultation with the approving authority, SARC developed a method to quickly asses the safety of a large number of cranes on one specific pontoon. This greatly reduced the number of calculations that needed to be done compared to the normal way where each pontoon configuration and each crane is to be assessed separately.
This way SARC could offer a better price and delivery time. Also the approval process could be finished sooner.
Posted on July 23, 2020
Computations of PIAS often involve many steps, however, (paper) space and human attention span are too limited to present each and every intermediate computation sub result. So, only the most prominent results are printed — or listed, or exported, for that matter — and the experience over the past decades has shown that the standard PIAS output collection is adequate for the daily practice. So far, so good.
Yet, from time to time more detailed underlying sub-results are required, either for the insight of the program user / ship designer, or to show the computation’s foundation to others. For this purpose PIAS is equipped with a facility called “the intermediate results”, which simply collects a vast amount of computational sub results into plain text files. This feature is for some decades already available for stability (criteria) assessment, and for probabilistic damage stability.
However, times and habits are changing, and gradually some backsides of the conventional implementation became apparent:
For reasons 2 and 3, the computational core of PIAS has been reorganized a bit, so intermediate results are stored internally, without sending it directly to an output file. Only after all computations have finished, the collected results are redirected to some output medium, nicely in the intended order. For reason #1, the file nature and the file location is now irrelevant for the user, while PIAS contains a new function to invoke the Windows editor with all relevant intermediate data, without hassling with files, file types and directories.
Posted on July 14, 2020
Until now, the tank data from the weight list of a loading condition were interpolated on a pre-calculated tank table. This required tank tables to be calculated in the Layout module. In this implementation, the accuracy of the interpolated data was dependent on the step size of the computation of the table.
Recently, in PIAS a setting has been added which commands the tank data to be computed directly, exactly for the given weight or filling percentage. In this mode, the computational results are for actual level, trim, heel and tank geometry, and may hence deviate from (previously) interpolated results, which could be subject to interpolation inaccuracies.
With this setting, the tank table is calculated on demand, so tables are no longer stored with the compartments in Layout. After defining a tank, it can be used in Loading immediately.
Posted on June 30, 2020
PIAS was adapted around 2015 so that more than two calculation cores can be used in parallel.
In view of the overhead time involved in starting up a separate calculation task, a maximum of 8 simultaneous calculation tasks was chosen at the time.
Meanwhile, multithreading has been implemented in even more places within the PIAS for lengthy and compute-intensive tasks such as:
• probabilistic damage stability: the optimization of the damage boundaries.
• probabilistic damage stability: the generation of damage cases.
The last few years multi-core computers have become widely available and there are now PC‘s available for the common user which have ten or even more cores, where hyperthreading allows twenty or more threads to run simultaneously. Especially with time consuming calculation tasks, such as the ones mentioned above, the overhead time hardly plays a role and one can gain a considerable amount of time by calculating with more than 8 threads.
Therefore, the maximum number of parallel processes within PIAS has been increased from eight (octothreading) to twenty (vigintithreading).
To give the user a clear insight in the use of multiple threads, especially in time consuming calculations and in combination with vigintithreading, PIAS has been extended with a thread monitoring interface. This interface is visible during the calculations and shows relevant and real time information per thread, such as: information about the status, i.e. a description of the current task of the thread, start time and elapsed time. This thread monitoring interface is also available for single-, dual- and octothreading.
Posted on June 25, 2020
During this global pandemic we are trying to stay in touch with PIAS users and our other followers and keep them updated about our software. Just before the CoVid-19 pandemic we have visited some companies to inform them personally of our recent, current and future developments within SARC and on PIAS, Fairway and LOCOPIAS.
Because of the changed circumstances, we now want to demonstrate such online and we invite you to join in on our webinars about “Recent, current and future developments in PIAS”. On Thursday June 18th 2020 at 14:00 we started the first webinar via a live stream at YouTube via our channel. We encourage you to share this link with colleagues. Live streams are automatically converted into a video and can be viewed with the same link.
Subjects of all webinars:
Recent and current developments (18-06-2020 14:00 CET): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LoPje3tdcYg
• SARC BV, current status
• Piping systems integrated in PIAS
• Stability over the ‘weakest axis”
• Simultaneous operation of multiple PIAS modules.
• Other bits and pieces
Future developments: (25-06-2020 14:00 CET) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XDB10hPEotA
• Integrated module for all types of cargo
• Second generation intact stability criteria
• Voyage concept in LOCOPIAS
• Ship motions module
• Load optimization
Fairway developments: (06-08-2020 14:00 CET) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vLbhSnclE9Q
• Graphical User Interface has been rationalized
• Modelling in Fairway
• Export IGES LEANURBS
Layout developments: (13-08-2020 14:00 CET) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DhkNsBp2fW0
• Weight of planes
• Volume of tank in GUI
• Interface bulkheads with CADMATIC
• Implementation piping
Loading / LOCOPIAS developments: (03-09-2020 14:00 CET) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u-zX-gIcr5w
• Hopper stability in Loading
• Flooded tanks
• IMDG module
Miscellaneous developments: (10-09-2020 14:00 CET) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l8r1BqZ-JWM
• Services like probabilistic damage stability calculation on a viginti core computer and many more.
• And more
Posted on May 26, 2020
SARC has provided multiple licenses of PIAS to DNV GL Hamburg and Gdynia office.
DNV GL is an international classification society from Norway/Germany and has around 350 offices operating in more than 100 countries. DNV GL is the world’s largest classification society and is now able to approve stability booklets and on-board loading computer software with our PIAS software.
“After we have now purchased PIAS for our Poland/Gdynia and our Germany/Hamburg offices already, I would like to thank you and your whole team for the efficient and friendly workshops and the excellent support during our more than one year lasting PIAS trial phase. We are strongly looking forward to cooperate further with you in the same way.” said by Jan Wilkens of DNV GL.
In the build-up to the purchase of PIAS, DNV GL first tested the software extensively and there were several in-house courses to make sure they use the software in the best possible way. Various trained naval architects of SARC will continue to provide support via e-mail or telephone when necessary. Because DNV GL now uses PIAS, the cooperation between the DNV GL and SARCs has become even better. This will also be beneficial to other PIAS users who submit their stability calculations to DNV GL for approval. Now the approval process will probably run even smoother.
Posted on May 14, 2020
Now it is possible for the user to modify the PIAS page heading for all generated output. With this setting you can add and remove page headings and give it an identifiable name.
More detailed information can be found in the manual.
Posted on May 1, 2020
On May 1st, 1980, Herbert Koelman started a small company named SARC from his attic in Delft when the computer age was still in its infancy. You probably know the story from there: SARC currently employs 14 enthousiastic naval architects, we have done some 4500 projects, we have delivered some 1300 versions of LOCOPIAS, while PIAS is “world famous in the Netherlands and its wider surroundings”.
We have accomplished a lot together during our first 40 years. But what matters most is that we remain confident for the future, while we continue to work on new services and software features . Thank you for helping make SARC a fantastic company now and for decades to come.
Posted on February 27, 2020
In the last few years SARC and CADMATIC have joined forces to develop a collaborative ship design system together with Conoship. This collaboration has been called the Dutch Collaborative Platform for the Design and Engineering of Ships (CPDES) research project.
In the early design stage, most small and medium-sized shipyards and design offices have difficulty controlling consistency when exchanging the ship’s arrangement and hull data between the 2D General Arrangement (G.A.) plan and stability analysis tools. The exchange of design data is often done manually and it can take days to implement design changes like repositioning decks or bulkheads in the G.A. plan and analyzing the effects on the various design calculation applications. Performing damage stability calculations very late in the basic design process, for example, often involves a lot of rework and increased building costs if the design does not fulfil the requirements.
Time-consuming design data exchanges and managing the consistency of design data are designers’ main challenges. Therefore, uniform, modern data exchange interfaces between early design software tools and steel design software tools are very beneficial.
With a focus on bulkheads & decks, compartments and piping, we created a V1.0 implementation, which covers intensively used data and actions, as well as a comprehensive manual and other instruction materials.
SARC and CADMATIC achieved the following for bulkheads and decks:
This function is now available in PIAS and CADMATIC Hull, please contact us by phone or e-mail for more information.
Posted on February 11, 2020
Posted on January 24, 2020
Container ships navigating the major European inland waterways should comply with the ES-TRIN 2017/1 standard. Since the 1980s PIAS contains a dedicated module, named Rhine, for this regulation (and its predecessors). This module has now been discarded, for all its functions have been relocated to other PIAS modules.
All input can now be done with Hulldef, the applicable stability criteria can be set in the regular fashion, while Hydrotables will produce the required table of maximum allowable VCG.
As alternative to the approximation formulae from ES-TRIN, it is now also possible to compute the maximum VCG with direct calculations on basis of the foundational stability criteria.
Posted on January 7, 2020
Since its childhood, PIAS had the feature of an easy definition of upper appendages, such as deckhouses or camber, where manual commands were used to explicitly add or remove the appendages to or from the hullform. With the latest PIAS version this user command is not required anymore; once appendages have been defined, they will automatically be incorporated in the hullform, in accordance with their most recent definition.
Please be aware that in order to accommodate this new modus operandi, the file format containing the frame shapes has been updated. As usual with PIAS, conversion from old to new format is done automatically, without user intervention. However, it will be evident that elder PIAS version cannot read the new format, so in order to be prepared for the new format it is recommended to download and install the most recent PIAS version.
Posted on December 18, 2019
The PIAS module Resist, which can predict resistances of different ship types with nine published empirical methods, has been expanded with a shallow-water correction. The implemented method is based on H.C. Raven, “A new correction procedure for shallow-water effects in ship speed trials”, Proceedings of PRADS2016 (2016), Kopenhagen, Denmark. In 2017 the ITTC has accepted this method, and now it can be used in Resist to predict the increase in resistance when sailing in shallow waters.
Posted on December 13, 2019
The 2020 edition of the intact stability code has been extended with, among other things, regulations on the maximum allowable chain force for anchor handling vessels. The implementation of these rules in PIAS has been released on August 21, 2019. This calculation involves many iterations and decompositions of anchor forces, much too many to be included in output. In order to gain some insight in the calculation flow, one of the PIAS users ordered at SARC a manual elaboration of the calculation steps for one particular test case. This client was so friendly to allow copies of this document to be distributed to other PIAS users. You can contact us if you are interested in such a copy.
Posted on December 10, 2019
Earlier this year we have sent our customers information on the upgrade of our software license protection mechanism from the hardware lock brand “Sentinel” to the Codemeter license.
Early next year we will switch permanently to the use of the Codemeter implementation.
After this date you can still use the sentinel, but if you want to change something to your license, you need to switch to the Codemeter first. For this switch below mentioned costs are applicable.
The PIAS software license is currently protected by means of a hardware lock and for the past decades we have used a lock of the brand “Sentinel“ for this.
We have come to the day that the sentinel does no longer provide us with sufficient means to meet the demands of both our customers and ourselves for a more and more flexible license administration and management.
Therefore we have decided to implement a new type of hardware lock named Codemeter, provided by Wibu systems.
The Codemeter implementation has the following main advantages and benefits;
The use of the Sentinel is still supported, but will be phased out in the near future. New developments will only be available with the new Codemeter implementation. So although the sentinel remains supported for some time, we urge you to make the switch to the Codemeter implementation now.
From January 2020, changes to your PIAS license using the sentinel will require an update to the Codemeter implementation.
Please contact us if you want to use the temporarily offer, or if you require more information.
Posted on November 21, 2019
Different regulations are used for vessels with designation Anchor Handling:
These rules, though sharing a similar purpose, prescribe different formulae for the forces and moments to be taken into account when assessing stability for anchor handling vessels. The results of these calculations can be expressed in tables of allowable anchor chain forces, or in a polar plot of maximum allowable anchor chain forces for a given loading condition.
SARC has implemented both polar plots of allowable anchor chain forces (for a given loading condition) and the tables of allowable anchor chain forces for the first 3 of the requirements listed above. Still, many questions are asked because results may sometimes conflict with users’ expectations. Additionally, some of these rules include some formulae of which the purpose and background are obscure.
Just as for other complex stability calculations, SARC will offer a workshop/training on the ins and outs of above rules.
The following subjects will be presented:
If you are interested, please contact SARC for further details. The first workshop is planned on December 13 2019, from 10:00 to 16:00 in Bussum, the Netherlands.
Posted on October 28, 2019
To speed up time consuming calculations (more specific, parts of the probabilistic damage stability calculations), PIAS uses parallelization of the calculation process where possible. For example the generation of damage cases and the calculation of damage boundaries is multithreaded.
Multithreading in PIAS is available as dual-threading (up to 2 cores), Octo-threading (up to 8 cores) and will be available soon in Viginty-threading (up to 20 cores).
Up till now, the feedback of the application during the calculation progress was limited. To improve this feedback, PIAS has been extended with a thread monitoring interface, which gives detailed information on the status of the available, and working threads. A print screen of this interface is shown in the picture below.
Posted on October 22, 2019
A select set of frequently used functions in Fairway are now just one click away, directly accessible from the new tool bars. Tool bars in Fairway can be rearranged by dragging them to a different location around the drawing area, or floating anywhere on top of the drawing area. Individual tool bars can be hidden and shown by right-clicking on the tool bar area or from the [Window -> Tool Bars] menu. Users that prefer to activate functions using <Alt> key combinations instead may be interested to switch all tool bars off, which will give them a bigger drawing area.
Posted on September 17, 2019
It will be well known that for the definition of spaces and compartments in PIAS, the ‘physical planes’ provide a very efficient modelling tool. Obviously, these planes will in practice be used to model bulkheads and decks.
Recently, the data storage of the physical planes has been enhanced to include a specific weight (which is the average weight of the plane in ton/m2). This is used in a new feature, labelled ‘Area table’, which includes for each plane its area, CoG and weight. At the end of the table total weight and CoG is listed.
Although this table provides only a rough approximation of the internal steel hull weight, it is still a useful tool in the early design stage, because it is so tightly integrated with the design model of the internal geometry. At present, the shell weight is not included in this list, although the weight and CoG of the shell plates can be computed with the shell plate expansion function of Fairway.
Posted on September 3, 2019
IMDG amendment 39-18 is now published, may be used from 1/1/2019 and becomes mandatory on 1/1/2020 when amdt 38-16 is no longer valid. The overview of changes has been published by Hazcheck: http://www.imdgsupport.com/IMDG_2018_Changes.asp
Last year we released the IMDG module for the first time. Now SARC has integrated the IMDG Amendment 39-18 into the LOCOPIAS IMDG module. The updated module is available and ready to be delivered. If you would like to request the updated LOCOPIAS IMDG module (IMDG Amendment 39-18) now, please send us a message.
Posted on August 27, 2019
IMO Intact Stability Code is in its 2020 version extended to include a section 2.7, “Ships engaged in anchor handling operations”. These have now been added to the rule set of PIAS’ Maxchain module, as well as in the polar plots of LOCOPIAS.
Posted on August 19, 2019
Those who followed the newsletters of the past years will have noticed that PIAS has seriously been revised and modernized.
An important topic in this process has been the replacement of Compart with the Layout module. However, PIAS modules using compartment data were still based on the Compart data format, so Layout stored the compartment data both in native Layout format, as well as in Compart format. For the user this was invisible, so as such it was no real objection, but this duality obstructs further software developments. For this reason, all modules of PIAS have been adapted to native Layout format. This new software has been in use within SARC for some time, and has been intensively tested, so we consider it now to be the time for a general release. Actually, you will not see any change in operation of PIAS, although compart-related computations (such as damage stability) might occasionally give marginally different results with the new software. Please be assured that, thanks to the enhanced compartment definition method of Layout, differences — if they occur at all — will be in the direction of increased accuracy.
Compart has been removed from the set of PIAS modules. An act that we will perform with some melancholy because this piece of software has since 1985 served thousands of PIAS users with modelling and computations of an estimated million tanks, holds and spaces.
Posted on June 13, 2019
On June 15, 2018 IMO adopted resolution MSC.421(98), titled “Amendments to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea”. With respect to probabilistic damage stability, this encompasses:
PIAS module Probdam has been extended with these changes and is currently being tested. From July 1, 2019 this functionality is available for all users of Probdam.
Posted on April 23, 2019
When designing or defining a ship for some tanks or compartments target capacities apply. In those cases it will be convenient to have permanent feedback on the actual volume of a compartment. This feature is now available in PIAS’ Layout module.
Posted on March 27, 2019
The output of damage stability (summary) has been given a makeover and has become much shorter than before. This output can also be imported into Microsoft Word or Excel to edit it yourself. For each damage case it is now possible to see briefly and clearly whether this case is complies or not. The complete output has remained unchanged and everything can be found there down to the last detail.
Update October 2019:
Posted on February 28, 2019
In the January 2019 issue of the Naval Architect journal, an article has been published about Computer-Aided Ship Design (CASD) software. Discussed subjects are:
With kind permission of The Naval Architect the article is accessible via this link in our Publications section:
Posted on November 1, 2018
Already for some twenty years, the Probdam damage case generator has a feature, called compartment connections, for generating complex intermediate stages of flooding. This tool has been improved so that a multitude of complex intermediate stages will be generated, instead of just a single one previously. This results in a more realistic flooding pattern of compartments through the defined compartment connections. As an example, see the picture below which shows the previous mechanism, as well as the present one. In this example compartment A is initially damaged and compartments B and C are being flooded due to the compartment connections with compartment A.
Posted on October 23, 2018
SARC is already present in the maritime software industry for more than 35 years. Our goal is to create software for naval architects which programmed from the mind and practice of a naval architect, in order to make it quick and easy to use. One of the most challenging parts of software programming is to make the software is fast enough for the most comprehensive calculations. As years got by, on one hand computers became faster, while on the other hand there is a tendence to calculate more and more. Therefore the software programmers had to make sure they would keep up with the developments of the hardware.
For a long time past a PC generally had one processor, containing only a single processing unit (core). That implies that the computer can process one task at a time. However, there is a tendency where a computer is equipped with multiple real or virtual processors. So, this technology enables a program to execute tasks parallel and in 2005 PIAS has been adapted for that facility by making the following tasks available for simultaneous processing:
So, over more then a decade ago we already developed hyper-threading within PIAS. In later years hardware companies kept developing their processors which also led to new developments in our software. Dual threading processors have led to multithreading in PIAS. Additionally, modern CPU’s are equipped with AVX (Advanced Vector eXtensions) which facilitates eight concurrent arithmetic operations in one processor cycle. More information can be found in the white paper ‘Acceleration of PIAS by hardware support‘ from May 2017.
PIAS offers two speed enhancing packages:
We have done some tests for an “average” PIAS ship, with damage cases up to 8 simultaneous damaged compartments, resulting in 525 damage cases, without so-called “external subcompartments”. (Measured timings are in seconds)
Posted on October 16, 2018
Hopper dredger stability (e.g. dr-68 or Bureau Veritas N.I. 144) computation used to be present in PIAS in a separate module Hopstab. In February 16 of this year a new version of PIAS’ stability module Loading was released, where all hopper stability effects have been integrated (and enhanced, compared to Hopstab). The dr-78 and dr-68 stability regulations require a hopper dredger also to comply with requirements of probabilistic damage stability. This has been available for some decades in PIAS, based on the hopper particulars as defined in Hopstab. Recently, PIAS’ probabilistic damage stability module has been updated, so it now applies the hopper and loading data as defined in Loading. The new modus operandi of probabilistic damage stability for a hopper dredger is discussed in the manual.
After this enhancement, module Hopstab has become obsolete and will be discarded. This marks the end of the software renewal process around hopper dredger stability in PIAS, and implies that specific hopper-related data files from elder projects cannot be used anymore for computations. Please refer to the hopper stability manual chapter for further discussion.
Posted on October 11, 2018
The applicable rules are available in all European languages: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX%3A32006L0087
Per 1 juli 2009 is in de Binnenvaartwet vastgelegd dat eigenaars van jachten langer dan 20 meter een Certificaat van Onderzoek (CvO) moeten hebben. Dit certificaat is nodig om op Europese binnenwateren te mogen varen. Destijds is er een overgangsregeling ingesteld die eigenaren tot 31 december 2018 de gelegenheid geeft om een geldig Certificaat van Onderzoek te verkrijgen.
Alle drijvende werktuigen die na 1-7-2009 gebouwd zijn moeten worden gecertificeerd (Certificaat van Onderzoek) en de nieuwe eisen en overgangsbepalingen voldoen. Drijvende werktuigen van voor 1-7-2009 (waarvan de kiel is gelegd voor 30-12-2008) moeten per 31-12-2018 gecertificeerd zijn. Deze categorie drijvende werktuigen wordt aangeduid als ‘bestaande vloot’.
Er is in geen geval later dan 30 december 2018 een Certificaat van Onderzoek of Communautair Binnenvaartcertificaat voor Binnenschepen verplicht voor:
Meer informatie kan gevonden worden op de site van IL&T: https://ilent.nl/misdebootniet
Posted on October 3, 2018
For the computation of wind heeling moments, in PIAS the windage area can be given. That used to be limited to a single contour, with some maximum number of points, which was sufficient for the common use the past 25 years. However, when importing the contour shape from a CAD system that maximum can easily be exceeded. For this reason this PIAS’ module Hulldef has been extended to accommodate a wind contour with a number of sub-contours (each with a resistance coefficient), with an unlimited number of points.
Posted on September 25, 2018
Type vessel: General / Bulk cargo for inland waterways
Delivery: Lines plan for a single screw inland waterway vessel.
For Shipbuilding Solutions our engineers performed the lines plan design for a general cargo vessel built for the Dutch inland waterways. They started off with a general arrangement plan and made a unique design for the hull form. Besides the hull form design, they also have faired the vessel with Fairway to optimize the building process.
After designing the vessel there also have been made some Rhine container calculations with PIAS.
Posted on July 31, 2018
Righting (and heeling) levers of stability are determined by dividing the righting (or heeling) moment by the ship’s displacement. In intact condition, the displacement to choose for that division is unambiguously that of the loading condition under consideration. In damage stability, the choice is not that obvious. However, the standard suggested by the relevant regulations has conventionally been “Constant displacement”, so that has always been the standard choice in PIAS. For some time now an alternative choice is also available — as presented in “MSC.1/Circ.1461, guidelines for verification of damage stability requirements for tankers” and “IACS 110 Guideline for Scope of Damage Stability Verification on new oil tankers, chemical tankers and gas carriers” — i.e. “Intact displacement minus liquid cargo loss”. The choice between these two alternatives is now available as a setting in PIAS, please consult the manual for more details.
Posted on July 3, 2018
SARC has successfully delivered the on-board loading computer software for the new cargo vessel Arklow Villa (YN 730). This is the last ship in a series of ten 5,150 DWT traders that SARC has fitted out at Royal Bodewes Shipyard to Bureau Veritas class standards. They are all owned by Arklow Shipping and are being operated and managed by Arklow Shipping Netherlands. The first vessel in the series was be delivered in October 2015.
Bodewes & SARC
This is not for the first time that Bodewes has ordered the on-board loading computer at SARC. Other recent projects like the NB 803 Coralius; a unique LNG flex tanker that was nominated for the Next Generation Ship Award at Norshipping 2015 is also equipped with LOCOPIAS. At Bodewes they are using our PIAS software to calculate the stability of their vessels. The advantage of this is that SARC can use their PIAS-files for the base of LOCOPIAS, so there is no extra costs for input of ship data and the same files are used for the stability booklets.
The launch of the Arklow Villa has been filmed and uploaded to YouTube.
Posted on June 19, 2018
The stability required to ensure the safety of a ship, its crew and the environment is laid down in legislation. In PIAS the major part of legislation is predefined, readily available, while the underlying parametric editor facilities allows the definition of less frequently used or very specific criteria. More information about manipulating and selecting sets of stability cirteria can be found in the manual: https://www.sarc.nl/images/manuals/pias/htmlEN/stabcrit.html.
We have created a document to provide a coherent and clear overview of the stability criteria. This is achieved by collecting legislations set by the IMO, European Union and local authorities, and categorizes these legislations by operating area and ship type. Please send us a message if you are interested in this document including the .req files for PIAS.
Earlier this year we have informed you about the update of the stability criteria within PIAS: https://www.sarc.nl/update-of-stability-criteria-in-pias/ .
Posted on May 15, 2018
Although the NURBS surface method is not very suitable for the hull design process as such, it is widely used for interfacing. So, when a hull design is to be used downstream, e.g. for engineering, CFD analyses or visualization, the Fairway hullform has to be converted to a set of NURBS surfaces.
The first step is identifying larger, four-sided areas, which is essential because its four-sidedness is an intrinsic requirement of the NURBS. The next step is to convert these surfaces to NURBS. In this paper the mathematical nitty-gritty will be omitted, the interested reader is redirected to a special conference paper on this subject.
Anyway, the result is that by some neat mathematical processing, a patchwork of NURBS surface is created with the following properties:
This method is baptized LEANURBS (an acronym for Lowest Effective Amount of NURBS). Its implementation in Fairway is demonstrated by the following sequence of screen dumps, from which the first shows the ship hull in Fairway. The second is a screen dump where the hull is subdivided into four-sided regions and the last one is the IGES file in Rhino.
Posted on May 8, 2018
Herbert Koelman, who founded SARC in 1980, has recently been appointed as Lector Maritime Innovative Technologies at the Maritime Institute Willem Barentsz (MIWB). The function of a Lector is initiating and managing applied research, as well as supporting education. This appointment is for two days a week, the other three days Koelman will remain at SARC, in software development and general management.
MIWB is an academy within NHL Stenden University of Applied Sciences, and offers BSc and MSc educations in the design and operations of ships. The research objectives of the Maritime Innovative Technologies research group are in the field of innovation in the field of maritime operations, design and production, and in particular the relationship between these three. One of the first projects envisaged will be to convert measured operational (big) data into design tools for ship design. For more information on this subject you can contact Herbert.Koelman@NHL.nl.
Posted on April 19, 2018
From January 2018 the new 38th amendment of the IMDG Code will become mandatory and to invigorate this an IMDG module has been added to LOCOPIAS.
IMDG (International Maritime Dangerous Goods) Code is accepted as an international guideline to the safe maritime transportation or shipment of dangerous goods or hazardous materials. This (mandatory) Code has been designed to protect crew members and to prevent marine pollution.
The IMDG code extension in the LOCOPIAS container module assists in the loading of dangerous cargo by real time validation against the IMDG requirements. It presents the operator an overview of conflicts in segregation and stowage requirements. Current implemented version is amendment 38-16 (the most recent version of the code). The complete white paper can be found here.
Posted on April 16, 2018
Last week our colleagues provided a probabilistic damage stability training in Aalst, Belgium, the home base of Jan de Nul, a leading and maritime construction company. To know more about the trainings we provide, please check the ‘Training’ page.
Posted on February 6, 2018
This manual is intended to explain how to verify the Loading Computer System (LCS). The LCS, in this case LOCOPIAS, must be verified at regular intervals to check the correct functioning of the loading instrument. EBIS is asking for a Class approved ship stability calculation program for on-board use and there muest be records indicating that the operational accuracy of the ships stability calculation program is tested regularly.
Posted on February 6, 2018
Already for some decades, PIAS has the capability to compute intact and damage stability for open-top hopper vessels, e.g. as required by the dr-67 & dr-68 regulations for hopper dredgers with a reduced freeboard. This function, which was available in a separate PIAS module, has recently be integrated in PIAS’ standard stability module, called Loading. With this enhancement the hopper stability computations can now be combined with all Loading’s tools and options, and is now also available for the LOCOPIAS on-board loading software. More details of the new modus operandi can be found in the manual.
Posted on January 25, 2018
SARC is pleased to announce the extension of LR (Lloyd’s Register) Type Approval for their LOCOPIAS on-board loading computer software. This approval certifies LOCOPIAS products for use in LR class ships in the (damage) stability and longitudinal strength of the vessel.
“We are very happy with this certification,” said Herbert Koelman, Managing Director of SARC. “Not only does this help support our ship building and engineering customers, as well as their suppliers, but all of our customers.” Koelman explains, “Having passed the stringent LR approval, is a statement of the durability and reliability of our products.”
LOCOPIAS is on-board loading computer software. Derived from the PIAS ship design software, it uses the same proven technology to achieve optimum loading within the limits for strength, stability, draft, etc. This ensures maximum safety of the vessel, it’s crew, cargo or passengers and the environment. The certificate can be found here.
Posted on January 10, 2018
Posted on November 14, 2017
You might know that IMO is currently developing an additional set of intact stability criteria, the so-called “Second generation intact stability criteria”. It is expected that its development will be finalized around 2019, so it might become sensible to verify some of your ships or designs against these criteria. An occasional PIAS user is already working on that, but for those who lack the time or resources SARC offers this as a service.
Given a ship design and an intact stability booklet, the scan consists of evaluating a number of loading conditions (with a maximum of 5) against those particular 2nd gen.stab. criteria which have reached a certain state of maturity:
The deliverable will be a report with results and conclusions.
Posted on October 4, 2017
PIAS’ Layout module is able to produce tank sounding tables with a variety of parameters and units. Commonly, if the ullage or sounding parameters are included in such a table, those are determined in a user-defined sounding pipe, which can exist of two or more points. The latter to model curved or knuckled pipes. Additional, it is also possible to define just a single point, which is then used as the reference point for ullage or sounding. Conventionally, for such a case the ullage or sounding was computed under the assumption that the measuring tape goes through this reference point in a vertical direction. On September 22, 2017, this mechanism has been changed, and now a direction perpendicular to the water plane (so, including the effect of heel and trim) is applied, which is more realistic.
Posted on September 19, 2017
On September 13, Herbert Koelman received a best presentation award out of the hands of the chairman of the South African Institute of Marine Engineers and Naval Architects for his presentations held at the HIPER (High-Performance Marine Vehicles) conference held in Zevenwacht, South-Africa.
Kevin Watson (left, SAIMENA) and the two price winners Anriëtte Bekker (middle, Stellenbosch University) and Herbert Koelman (right, SARC).
Posted on September 5, 2017
In PIAS, for each particular project of vessel the side of heel for intact and damage stability calculations is user-configurable, where the options are:
The first three options have been available in PIAS from its beginning, the fourth option was added by the end of 2016.
In a separate document Assessment of intact and damage stability to PS and SB in PIAS the background of this feature is described into some detail.
Posted on July 11, 2017
PIAS, as many other stability programs, has from its conceptualization in the 1980s determined the intact and damage stability (or, to be more precise, the GZ) with respect to centerline plane. That is not always correct, in particular with hull shapes which are significant asymmetrical in longitudinal direction the GZ should be determined with respect to a rotated plane (rotated around a vertical axis). Occasionally, people have inquired for a possible extension of PIAS towards the effects of stability around the axis of weakest stability, and the recurring reply of SARC was that this would certainly be feasible, and could be produced on order. In 2017 that was finally implemented in PIAS.
In a separate document Calculation of stability around the weakest heeling axis with PIAS the background of this feature is described into some detail.
Posted on June 27, 2017
Some tasks of PIAS can be quite computation-intensive, such as the computation of intact stability (in particular if enhanced features are active, such as the shift of liquid method, and/or stability around the weakest axis) and damage stability, but also the generation of curved surfaces in Fairway. Time was that each new computer generation was faster than its predecessor, mainly thanks to processor clock frequency increase, but that has come to a halt a decade ago. Nowadays, CPU manufacturers try to stimulate performance gains by means of parallelization, so that multiple tasks can be executed simultaneously. In the recent weeks, at SARC, we have been working to optimize (LOCO-)PIAS with these technologies, with the goal to cramp out all possible performance out of modern hardware.
This resulted for some PIAS applications in a speed increase of a factor 3 to 8, depending on the task and the hardware.
In a separate document Acceleration of PIAS by hardware support the background and results are described into some detail.
Posted on June 22, 2017
For our General Cargo module in LOCOPIAS we now have a connection with the software Visual Cargo Care (lashing & securing).
Visual Cargo Care is an advanced software solution for lashing & securing of heavy-lift and project cargo. The Visual Cargo Care solution for Heavy-Lift & Project cargo helps you to be more effectively calculating acceleration forces, applying Lashing & Securing and creating reports for Method Statements. http://visualcargocare.com/
Posted on June 19, 2017
A Ballast Water Management Plan must be approved and on board by 8 September 2017. With the deadline approaching, SARC has information and resources to help you. Ships of 400 gt and above are required to have on board and implement a Ballast Water Management Plan approved by Class. The Ballast Water Management Plan is specific to each ship and includes a detailed description of the actions to be taken to implement the Ballast Water Management requirements and supplemental Ballast Water Management practices.
The Ballast Water Management Plan is required to:
The MEPC, at its 71st meeting, reached a compromise on compliance dates for ballast water discharge. Ships constructed after 8th September 2017 must comply on delivery, while existing ships in general must comply by the first IOPP renewal after 8th September 2019.
Under the proposal, ships constructed on or after September 8, 2017 are to comply with the D-2 standard on or after that date.
Vessels built before September 8, 2017, are to comply with the D-2 standard at the first MARPOL IOPP renewal survey completed on or after:
Posted on June 9, 2017
The 16th International Ship Stability Workshop, ISSW 2017 was held in Belgrade, Serbia, from 5th to 7th of June, 2017. During this workshop Herbert Koelman had given a speech about the practicalities of loading instruments for Inland Waterway Tankers.
Intact and damage stability properties of Inland WaterWay (IWW) tankers are being considered to a much greater depth today than they used to be, because the 2015 edition of the applicable legislation not only requires an extensive (damage-) stability manual to be issued, but also an on-board loading computer to be installed. Although the formal framework is set by the rules, there are quite some issues left for interpretation or additional guidance, where also the classification societies play a role. Besides those practical issues, in this paper also data collection, specific loading instrument functions and loading software assessment are discussed. The entire paper can be found in our publications.
Posted on May 18, 2017
In order to accommodate future program enhancements, PIAS’ module Layout has been updated as per May 18, 2017. As usual, this format update is upwards compatible, which means that newer PIAS versions can read the old format, but older versions cannot read the new format. So, in order to be prepared to receive PIAS files in the contemporary format, users are advised to update PIAS at a convenient moment.
Posted on April 20, 2017
In the April 2017 issue of the Naval Architect journal, an article has been published about recent developments in PIAS. Discussed subjects are:
With kind permission of The Naval Architect the article is accessible via this link:
Posted on February 15, 2017
Posted on February 13, 2017
We have reached the 1000 vessels which are equipped with LOCOPIAS! Take a look for the complete list at https://www.sarc.nl/locopias/examples
Posted on September 2, 2016
PIAS’ Probdam module is equipped with functions for damage case generation and for the automatic determination of damage boundaries. The algorithm for the latter has been enhanced for two reasons:
The update of this algorithm has three consequences:
A version of PIAS’ Probdam with this enhanced algorithm will be available for download from September 6, 2016.
Posted on August 18, 2016
Although the freeboard calculation module of PIAS is not core of the suite, it is still intensively used in many phases of the ship design process. For that reason we have taken up this module — from which the origin lies 20 years back — and brought it in line with the look and feel of the other PIAS modules. One enhancement is that hullform parameters can now directly be derived from PIAS’ hull model. The applied algorithms remains unchanged, so computation results will not be affected.
Posted on July 27, 2016
PIAS’ Newlay module – for definition of the internal geometry, such as planes, bulkhead and compartments – has been enhanced with a function to compute the area of the outer surfaces of compartments. These figures are intended to serve as a guide for the paint area of compartments.
Posted on May 30, 2016
Since its establishment in 1980, SARC has been using the Good Vibes font for its logo. On May 1st SARC celebrated its 36th birthday, which we consider to be a good opportunity for a fresh logo:
The logo designer has motivated his creation with these words: “A wave is the most identifying visual form that symbolizes water in its purest way. Water is the only constant element SARC always takes into account. Incorporating the wave as the integral part of the letter ‘A’ guarantees such a strong and iconic visual appearance. The logotype – as a typographic only logo – by itself is one of the strongest categories of logos. When executed right, it will become the company’s synonym”. In the curly shape of the A the former seascape of our business cards and leaflets is reflected, as depicted in one of the designers’ design sketches:
A second renewal concerns SARC’s telephone numbers. The general number has been changed into +31 850409040 (although the former +31 35 6915024 will remain in service for some time). Furthermore, each member of the permanent SARC crew can be reached directly, at these numbers:
|Marion Goddijn||+31 850409041|
|Mark Visser||+31 850409042|
|Guido Vijn||+31 850409043|
|Douwe Plukkel||+31 850409044|
|Egbert van IJken||+31 850409045|
|Herbert Koelman||+31 850409046|
|Casimir Koelman||+31 850409047|
|Remco v.d. Berkt||+31 850409048|
|Bart Soede||+31 850409049|
|Johannes van Houten||+31 850409050|
|Bastiaan Veelo||+31 850409051|
|Raffaele Frontera||+31 850409053|
|Abraham de Ronde||+31 850409054|
Finally, also the website has been refreshed. From today it is available at the familiar www.sarc.nl. Essentially, it contains the same information as before, just with a new layer on top of it, which shows in a glance the products and services that SARC is offering. The bottom of the home page contains a brand new animation movie, which shows the world of SARC in 90 seconds.
Posted on February 4, 2016
De afgelopen jaren hebben Numeriek Centrum Groningen (NCG), Conoship en Scheepsbouwkundig Advies en Reken Centrum (SARC) een pilot ontwikkeld waarbij scheepsontwerp- en engineeringssoftware van verschillende herkomst, m.n. NUPAS-CADMATIC en PIAS, zich gedraagt als één systeem.
Om dit concept verder uit te bouwen is, met behulp van Netherlands Maritime Technology (NMT), een voorstel gedaan voor een MIT-R&D-samenwerkingsproject. Dat is recent gehonoreerd, waardoor de ontwikkeling nu in volle vaart verder kan gaan.
Zie voor meer informatie maritimetechnology.nl.
Posted on January 12, 2016
PIAS’ internal libraries will be enhanced in order to benefit from facilities of more recent versions of MS-Windows. This implies that future versions of (LOCO-)PIAS will not be able to operate on Windows XP.
For program users who still rely on XP a backdoor will be available for some time. This has internally to be set by SARC, so if you require an XP version please inform SARC.
Posted on November 11, 2015
Posted on May 15, 2015
SARC is to present two papers at the Compit conference this year.
The paper by Herbert Koelman concerns the integration of PIAS with other design tools. Experience indicates that coupling dedicated software packages is a better strategy than trying to develop monolithic “one code fits them all” ship design software.
The paper by Bastiaan Veelo is about the potential application of Fairway, PIAS’ ship hull modeller, to propeller blade design.
Posted on April 13, 2015
The Dutch Government and a consortium of four companies (SARC, Mastership, Polyworx and MHE Engineering) based in Netherlands signed the agreement “Yacht engineering and Design China” on AThe consortium for this Partners for International Business (PIB) project consists of Dutch leading companies of the yacht design and engineering sector. Jointly they can offer to the Chinese yacht builders the know-how, engineering solutions and software tools for all the required disciplines for yacht design and engineering such as steel, aluminium and composite hulls design and construction, piping/HVAC and interior design. The consortium aims to position itself as a preferred supplier for the growing Chinese yacht building industry.
In order to realise this goal, the project partners are supported by the Dutch diplomatic services in China such as the Dutch Embassy, Consulates and NBSO’s. The key activities to be undertaken during the project are:
The project has a duration of two years from April 2015 to April 2017. The focus will be on China South and China North. At the end of the project, the consortium aims to increase the revenue from the Chinese market, both for the consortium partner and other Dutch companies.
For Dutch visitors, more info can be found on the website of the Dutch goverment (Dutch article).
Posted on February 25, 2015
The new AND rules of January 1st 2013 include a requirement for stability software on board of a double-walled inland waterway tanker, ADN type-C with effect from 1st of January 2015. A computer loading instrument, covering stability and strength, is required in case the skipper cannot easily determine whether an anticipated loading condition is acceptable from in view of stability requirements. Additionally the stability booklet should contain, among other, information regarding longitudinal strength. However, the most recent news is that as of April 1st 2015, Chemical Tankers ADN type-C should comply with the new rules per to obtain a new or renewed certificates. This should give owners, ourselves and classification societies sufficient time to order, implement and approve the required software and documentation.
SARC has already fully implemented all the new rules of ADN 2015 in LOCOPIAS. We can also provide you with booklets to get approval from any classification society. We provide the intact stability and damage stability for IWW Chemical Tankers.
With regard to ADN 2015, We refer you to the Lloyd’s Register report on this issue at the following link:
Posted on February 21, 2015
On February 26, SARC presented recent and future developments on CASD, for the Rotterdam branch of the KNVTS society, in Vlaardingen. The presentation sheets are now available on prezi.com here and here.
The same presentation will also be held (in dutch) for the Amsterdam branch of the Society, see the KNVTS website.
Posted on February 3, 2015
LLoyd’s Register EMEA have prepared for an expected increase in work on inland waterway tankers. New ADN and rules and updated EBIS questionnaires now require inland waterway tankers to have stability documentation and loading instruments updated and approved. As the majority of these vessels have been designed with PIAS software, either by SARC or one of many designers using PIAS, SARC has provided LLoyd’s Register EMEA addtional PIAS licences and training of some 8 surveyors in preparation for the huge amount of work involved. By doing so, certification of stability documentation and loading instruments has become much more efficient, as remodelling of vessels is no longer required and LLoyd’s Register EMEA now have larger capacity to check the PIAS models, stability calculations and LOCOPIAS loading instruments submitted for aproval.
Posted on November 18, 2014
Conoship International, ship designers from Groningen, The Netherlands, is a long lasting user of PIAS; way back in the 1980s they belonged to one of the first users of PIAS, so in the past 25 years numerous ships have been designed and optimized with the PIAS tools. Furthermore, Conoship and SARC have collaborated in quite some research and development projects over the past years. However, also innovative companies need efficient off-the-shelf tools from time to time, so we are glad to announce that Conoship has significantly extended her set of PIAS modules.
Some of these extensions are add-ons to existing functionality, such as the optional GUI for the Loading module, while others will provide new possibilities. The latter notably being the Fairway module for hull shape design and optimization, including export options to CFD. However, Conoship International would not be Conoship International if they would not have initiated a few Fairway enhancements which are required to match their specific design method and needs. Those new Fairway features will be implemented in the course of the months to come.
Posted on August 29, 2014
Mactech Marine Pvt. Ltd. is a Marine Consultancy dedicated to provide high quality services to their customers in the shipping industry. We are proud they have chosen for PIAS as their tool for stability analyses (Intact, damage, probabilistic). We have provided PIAS via our Indian agent Harsha Marine Designers.
Posted on August 26, 2014
LOCOPIAS has recently been delivered for the Panama pipe layer ‘Sapura Topazio’.
Posted on August 11, 2014
For more then 30 years, Technisch Bureau Gommers have outsourced stability calculations to SARC. Now Technisch Bureau Gommers have decided the time is ripe to purchase a basic PIAS package to do the bulk of these calculations themselves.
SARC will continue to provide support (and if necessary additional calculations) and look forward to a continued fruitful cooperation.
Posted on July 16, 2014
The German inland motor freighter ‘Girbaud’ has recently been equipped with LOCOPIAS.
Posted on July 2, 2014
Quoting from the new LOCOPIAS Certificate of Approval issued by Lloyd’s Register:
“This is to certify that the above Strength, Intact (Type 1) & Damage (Type 2 & 3) Stability calculation program has been examined in accordance with the relevant Classification Rules and the requirements of Statutory Regulations and is approved for the functions stated on the Supplement attached hereto.”
In plain English: LR confirm that LOCOPIAS is suitable as loading instrument for basically all vessel types that require a CSI (Computer Loading Instrument).
We of course knew that: LOCOPIAS has been approved by many classification societies (including LR) for individual vessels, but still, we are happy that LR have now confirmed such in thus type approval. Note that LOCOPIAS was previously only certified as type 1 and type 3 software, type 2 is now added to the certificate of approval.
Actually, our previous certificate made no explicit references to these type designations, we have assumed for some time that type 2 approval was already included. The impact of this certificate is mainly that it allows more Lloyd’s Register offices to issue certificates for individual versions of LOCOPIAS and that the approval procedures should be cheaper.
Posted on June 20, 2014
Following her sisters Polaris and Pollux, Procyon is now also equipped with LOCOPIAS including intact and (direct) damage stability calculations.
Posted on March 31, 2014
Following her sister Orabothnia, Katelina has now also been equipped with LOCOPIAS, including intact and damage stability plus longitudinal strength.
Posted on March 17, 2014
SARC have delivered a version of LOCOPIAS for the crane pontoon ‘Conquest MB1’. The setup includes ‘loss of load’ calculations.
Posted on February 24, 2014
Posted on February 11, 2014
LOCOPIAS has recently been installed on the following vessels:
Posted on February 10, 2014
Posted on December 27, 2013
Posted on November 29, 2013
LOCOPIAS has recently been added to the German inland tanker ‘Blandina’.
Posted on November 26, 2013
Posted on November 21, 2013
The Turkish military vessel ‘Buyakada’ has recently been equipped with LOCOPIAS.
Posted on November 9, 2013
Recently we have added a small but practical extention to the dragger in Fairway that you may find valuable to know about. We call it “Snap to point” and it can be used to copy the coordinates of any point in the model whenever you need to enter a position. It is used like this:
Bring up the context menu by clicking the right mouse button over the dragger. You will see a sub-menu called [Dragger], containing three options:
When a point is highlit, a dash-dotted line is drawn from the current position to where the dragger wil travel. If the dragger is not free to translate in any direction, this might not coinside with that point. This makes it possible to align a point in say, a frame, with another point in another frame, in height and breadth. This line of travel is color-coded according to its direction, using the colors associated with the main planes and axes. When the line is not parallel to any of these, then it will be colored like a curve in an oblique plane.
The coordinates displayed in the right end of the status bar normally indicate the current position of the dragger. But when snapping to other points they indicate the position that the dragger would translate to, for the currently highlit point.
Posted on September 14, 2013
Our hull modelling programme Fairway has had the ability to generate shaded surface renderings for many years, but it did not allow manipulation of the geometry simultaneously. SARC B.V. has been investing effort into the renewal of Fairway for quite some time, and one of the goals has been the visualisation of the rendered surface within the modelling interface. That goal was recently accomplished, and we are proud to provide this new functionality to our Fairway customers free of charge.
As can be seen in the screen shot below (click to enlarge) we have added a “Shell” item for every solid in the tree view, which allows the surface renderings to be switched on and off for individual solids. Sub-items show material properties that can be changed by means of a double-click. New are also the visibility checkboxes behind the group items for polycurves (“Frames”, “Waterlines” etc.) to make it easy to switch off all polycurves so just the surface is shown. Further tuning of the visualisation can be done from the Display menu, which also allows to show or hide the shell surfaces of all solids at once.
Rendering of surfaces can be a computationally intensive task. Therefore, care is taken to refresh just the parts of the shell that are affected by a particular modelling action. This is done in the background each time an action is applied, so the programme remains fully responsive and rendering needs not impede your progress; except that it is fascinating to look at these nice pictures… All cores of modern processors are involved in the task, so renderings are updated as quickly as possible.
On a side note we can also report that when surfaces are being exported to IGES format we now use the same interface to offer a visual quality check of the resulting surface patches. All in all we think these are great improvements and we wish our users happy modelling. Enjoy!
Posted on August 20, 2013
Dutch pipe burying vessel ‘Joseph Plateau’ has been equipped with LOCOPIAS.
Posted on August 19, 2013
We’ve recently supplied LOCOPIAS for the Norwegian offshore suppliy ship ‘World Peridot’.
Posted on August 7, 2013
We welcome the Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET) as a new client. They have selected PIAS and Fairway for their department of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering.
The software was delivered via Harsha Marine Designers, our agent in India.
Posted on July 23, 2013
The oil tanker ‘King Fisher’ has recently been equipped with LOCOPIAS.
Posted on June 27, 2013
An interface between LOCOPIAS and BERG Maritiem Meetsystemen is now available.
For a recent delivery on the inland waterway tanker “Antverpia” we included this functionality. The interface consists of reading volumes and densities for actual temperature for all cargo tanks from the tank measurement system.
Posted on June 14, 2013
On June 14, SARC installed LOCOPIAS loading computer software on-board of mv ‘UAL TEXAS’.
Posted on May 6, 2013
LOCOPIAS has recently been delivered for vessel ‘Industrial More’.
Posted on May 6, 2013
Herbert Koelman has been announced as the winner of the GL COMPIT Award 2013. The Dutch computer aided design expert was honoured for his paper’s contribution to the promotion of innovative approaches in ship design, at the COMPIT Conference which took place from 15 to 17 April in Cortona, Italy.
The jury singled out Dr Koelman, SARC, from a short list of several highly qualified candidates, because his paper outlines a roadmap for advanced ship design approaches over the next decade. His paper: “Midterm Outlook on Computer Aided Ship Design” received the highest praise for both its content and form. The jury noted that his highly readable and unpretentious paper offered a number of avenues for exploration for the industry.
Of particular note, they said was his advocation of 3D laser printing as a hands-on manifestation of 3D design approaches. His identification of underused opportunities to create numerical design series and rapid design formulas based on CFD and machine learning approaches. And above all the challenge that the paper puts to the community to avoid complacency and mental standstill and strive for innovation in methods rather than user-interface wizardry.